Advice & Vaccinations for Cambodia
Cambodia is still a popular tourist destination, with increasing numbers travelling to the country – and near by Myanmar, Laos and Thailand – for commercial reasons, medical tourism and unforgettable holiday experiences. Cambodia is a developing country with all standards of accommodation available, and many popular tourist spots, but there are some vaccinations recommended for travellers for various reasons.
This website provides general advice on vaccinations for Cambodia and is not a substitute for adequate medical advice from the Travel Vaccination Clinic doctor or your own doctor. Before receiving any travel-specific vaccines you should ensure you are up to date with all routine vaccinations, including measles, mumps and rubella, chicken pox, polio and others. Please ensure you inform the doctor during your appointment if you are not completely up to date with routine vaccinations OR if you have previously had an adverse reaction to a vaccine.
- Ensure you are up to date with childhood vaccinations
- Practice proper food safety and hygiene such as drinking boiled or bottled water, hand washing and eating in cleaner looking restaurants when possible
- Avoid mosquito bites where possible
- Inform the Travel Vaccination Clinic of your full travel plans and itinerary during your appointment
Recommended Vaccines for Cambodia?
The following vaccines are recommended in many circumstances however each case is assessed individually. Where you are travelling besides Cambodia, previous vaccines or allergies, your health history and other lifestyle considerations are also highly relevant. Additional information you provide during the consultation will help the doctor give you the best advice according to your current needs. Book your appointment to discuss your circumstances and get the best travel vaccine advice possible.
Hepatitis A can be passed on through contaminated food or water throughout Cambodia and it is recommended travellers get vaccinated against Hepatitis A before leaving Australia. To learn more about the virus, and read about symptoms, prevention etc, please visit the Hepatitis A information page.
Typhoid is also present in Cambodia and can be passed on through contaminated food or water. It is recommended to vaccinate against Typhoid in particular if you are travelling to rural areas, visiting friends or relatives in Cambodia, or if you are an adventurous eater.
For further information on this vaccine please visit the Typhoid information page.
Both Hepatitis A and Typhoid vaccinations can be administered in one shot, and this lasts for a number of years once given. We recommend you ask the Travel Vaccination Clinic about getting vaccinated against Hepatitis A and Typhoid, as well as taking food safety precautions and avoiding water that has not been boiled or treated (unless bottled) during your stay.
Practicing good food hygiene and hand washing etc will also help protect you against other food and water borne diseases during your stay in Cambodia.
Hepatitis B might be contracted if you meet a new partner in Cambodia, get a tattoo or piercing or undergo cosmetic medical procedures. The disease can be contracted through sexual contact, or exposure to needles or bodily fluids so the vaccine is highly recommended for anyone who might undertake activities that put them at risk of contracting Hepatitis B. This includes avoiding medical procedures where equipment does not appear to be sterilized.
Malaria transmitted to humans by mosquito bite, and is present in many areas of Cambodia, particularly the border areas around Myanmar, Laos and Thailand. There are precautions to take against mosquito bites such as using repellent, wearing long, loose clothing, using a mosquito net where possible and avoiding contact with flying insects. You should discuss these with the doctor during your appointment as other mosquito borne illnesses such as dengue fever and Japanese Encephalitis may also be present.
Long-term travelers & Japanese Encephalitis
Japanese Encephalitis may be present in Cambodia, so speak to the doctor about this during your appointment. This vaccine may be recommended if you are staying longer than one month in Cambodia, visiting rural areas, staying outdoors or going camping/hiking etc. Seek further information by discussing your plans with the doctor and confirming whether you may need this vaccine to stay safe during your travels.
According to the Center for Disease Control in the US, the following groups of travellers are recommended to have the rabies vaccine before travelling to Cambodia:
- Travelers involved in outdoor and other activities (such as camping, hiking, biking, adventure travel, and caving).
- People who will be working with or around animals
- People who are taking long trips or moving to Cambodia
Is there risk of Yellow Fever?
There is no risk of contracting Yellow Fever in Cambodia, and you may be required to produce proof of Yellow Fever vaccination if you are arriving from a country with risk of Yellow Fever infection (but this does not often include short transits through the airport, for example). If you have any concerns about the destination you will be arriving from, speak to the doctor about this during your appointment.