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Vaccinations for Thailand

Travel Vaccinations > Destinations Advice > Vaccinations For Thailand

Vaccinations For Thailand – Travel Vaccinations

When it comes to travelling in Thailand and South East Asia, it is vital to ensure your health and safety by taking appropriate preventive measures. This includes getting the right vaccinations for Thailand based on your specific travel itinerary and activities planned.

Thailand and Medical Tourism

Each year, a growing number of Australians opt for Thailand not only for leisure but also as a preferred destination for medical tourism. Whether you are seeking cosmetic surgery, dental work, or other medical procedures, it’s crucial to consult with the Travel Vaccination Clinic to assess health risks and receive bespoke vaccination advice. All procedures should be carried out in high-standard medical facilities to avoid infections.

General Health and Vaccination Advice

This section provides general guidelines and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Before travelling, discuss your health needs with a Travel Vaccination Clinic specialist, including:

  • Your compliance with the recommended immunisation schedule
  • Detailed travel plans within Thailand
  • Lifestyle and accommodation during your stay
  • Pre-existing medical conditions and overall health

Recommended Vaccinations for Travel to Thailand

To safeguard your health, align your immunisation with the Australian National Immunization Program Schedule. Key vaccinations include:

Hepatitis A and Typhoid

Hepatitis A is ubiquitous in Thailand, transmitted via contaminated food and water. A pre-travel vaccination is strongly advised. Typhoid fever poses a risk especially in rural communities or if you prefer street food. Vaccination is particularly crucial for these exposures.

Hepatitis B

Activities such as getting tattoos, piercings, or new intimate relationships in Thailand might expose you to Hepatitis B. We recommend the Hepatitis B vaccine for anyone involved in these activities due to the high risk of blood-borne infections.

Japanese Encephalitis

This viral brain infection is another risk, especially for those spending a lot of time outdoors in rural areas. The disease may be asymptomatic but can escalate to severe conditions akin to meningitis. Consider this vaccine if your trip involves extended rural exposure.

Book your appointment now at our Sydney CBD clinic, get instant confirmation.

Mosquito-Borne Diseases

Malaria is endemic in certain Thai provinces, particularly near forested borders with Myanmar, Cambodia, and Laos, whereas urban centres like Bangkok and Phuket typically have lower risks. Additional concerns include Dengue Fever, Chikungunya, and Zika Virus, making mosquito prevention measures critical.

Rabies and Animal Safety in Thailand

Although Thailand has a relatively low incidence of Rabies, interactions with animals can increase risk. Vaccination is advised for travellers engaging with animals, spending significant time outdoors, or visiting remote areas.

Common Diseases in Thailand

When planning a trip to Thailand, it’s essential to be aware of the common diseases that can affect travellers. Understanding these risks can help you take preventive measures and stay healthy during your visit. Here are some of the prevalent health issues you should be aware of:

Dengue Fever

Dengue Fever is a viral infection spread by the Aedes mosquitoes that are active during the day. Symptoms include high fever, severe headache, pain behind the eyes, joint and muscle pain, and rash. There is no specific treatment for dengue, but early detection and access to proper medical care lowers fatality rates. Preventing mosquito bites is the best form of protection, which includes using insect repellent, wearing long sleeves and trousers, and staying in accommodations with effective insect barriers.

Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease (HFMD)

Common among children under five, HFMD is also a risk for adults in tropical regions like Thailand. Caused by enteroviruses, the disease spreads through direct contact with infected persons or surfaces. Symptoms include sores in the mouth and a rash on the hands and feet. While generally mild and self-limiting in healthy individuals, it is uncomfortable, and prevention focuses on meticulous hygiene practices.


This bacterial disease is transmitted through water or soil contaminated by the urine of infected animals, commonly occurring during Thailand’s rainy season. Leptospirosis can cause a wide range of symptoms, some resembling other tropical diseases, which can include fever, headache, and muscle pain, and in severe cases, liver damage and kidney failure. Avoiding swimming or wading in freshwater where high levels of contamination are possible is advisable, as well as wearing protective clothing and footwear.


Another mosquito-borne viral disease, Chikungunya, is characterised by an abrupt onset of fever frequently accompanied by joint pain. Other symptoms may include muscle pain, headache, nausea, fatigue, and rash. The disease shares some clinical signs with dengue and can be misdiagnosed in areas where dengue is common. Mosquito prevention measures are critical in avoiding this virus.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is highly endemic in Thailand and is spread primarily through the ingestion of contaminated food and water. Symptoms include fever, malaise, jaundice, anorexia, and nausea, and can lead to severe complications in some cases. Vaccination is the most effective way to prevent hepatitis A, combined with cautious dietary practices while travelling.

Food and Water Safety Concerns

Travellers’ diarrhoea is the most common travel-related ailment. High-risk foods include raw or undercooked meat, eggs, unpeeled fruits, and vegetables. Drinking bottled or boiled water, avoiding ice, and eating foods that are cooked and served hot can minimise the risk. Our doctors will recommend a specific food and water treatment management protocol for your particular travel.

Additional Health Considerations

Temporary tattoos using black henna have been associated with serious skin reactions and are best avoided. Thailand’s high HIV rate necessitates precautions for those forming new relationships.

Be mindful of environmental health alerts, especially regarding air quality during the March and April burning season, which can exacerbate respiratory conditions.

Book your appointment now at our Sydney CBD clinic, get instant confirmation.

FAQs on Travel Vaccinations for Thailand

What vaccinations do I need for Thailand?
The essential vaccinations for most travellers include Hepatitis A, Typhoid, and depending on your activities, Hepatitis B and Japanese Encephalitis.

When should I get vaccinated before travelling to Thailand?
It’s best to get vaccinated at least 4-6 weeks before your travel to allow the vaccines to take full effect.

Are there any required vaccines for Thailand?
There are no mandatory vaccines for Thailand unless you are coming from or have recently visited a yellow fever-endemic country.

What other health risks should I be aware of in Thailand?
Besides the vaccine-preventable diseases, be aware of mosquito-borne diseases like Dengue and Zika Virus. Also, consider air quality issues, especially during the dry season.

Is Yellow Fever a Concern in Thailand?
Thailand is free from Yellow Fever; however, a vaccination certificate may be necessary if arriving from a country where Yellow Fever is prevalent. Discuss travel routes with one of our doctors to determine if a Yellow Fever vaccine is needed, only if you come from a yellow fever country (commonly parts of Africa or South America).